Hannah Arendt: Commemorating A Life in Exile

Hannah Arendt: Commemorating A Life in Exile

I. On Misunderstood, Departed Women Intellectuals

Some time ago, I published an article here in honor of Hannah Arendt. More recently, a new work has been published that argues forcefully for the continuing importance of Arendt’s political theories. Carlin Romano has provided a detailed review of the book in The Chronicle of Higher Education. An adaptation of Romano’s review is presented here, followed by my own memorial article that was written earlier:

“…Elizabeth Young-Bruehl reminds us of the importance of Hannah Arendt’s political thinking in her new book, Why Arendt Matters (Yale University Press, 2006). Young-Bruehl, a former student of Arendt at the New School for Social Research, presents a staunchly devotional argument for the continuing relevance of political theorist Hannah Arendt. Why Arendt Matters marks a welcome, growing commitment of today’s female scholars to dismantling simplifications of past female intellectuals.

One of Young-Bruehl’s chief aims for showing Arendt’s relevance today is to speculate on what her mentor would have thought about events that have occurred since her death. As Young-Bruehl examines The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951), a veritable “field manual” for identifying an enemy, we get sentences such as, “She would, for example, have taken the measure of Slobodan Milosevic’s government from his talk about ‘Greater Serbia,’ a phrase he obviously and purposefully modeled on Hitler’s ‘Greater Germany.‘” And, “It seems to me that Hannah Arendt, had she been alive in 2001, would have gone straight to her writing table to protest that the World Trade Center was not Pearl Harbor and that ‘war on terror’ was a meaningless phrase.” At the same time, Young-Bruehl acknowledges, “Neither I, her biographer, nor anyone else should presume to know what Hannah Arendt would have thought about any event, trend, idea, person, or group that she did not look upon with her own fiercely observant eyes and the eyes of her uniquely and inimitably brilliant mind.

Still, Young-Bruehl repeatedly and successfully unpacks Arendt’s views of such concepts as action, power, forgiveness, judgment, radical evil, revolution, and the human condition itself. Arendt’s phrasemaking and popularization of notions such as “totalitarianism” developed because she “wanted thoughts and words adequate to the new world and able to dissolve clichés, reject thoughtlessly received ideas, break down hackneyed analyses, expose lies and bureaucratic double talk, help people withdraw from their addiction to propagandistic images.” She persuasively suggests that Arendt’s ideas informed such modern political phenomena as Poland’s Solidarity movement and South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and credits her with being ahead of the curve on globalization.

Drawing by: Shy Abady, Dusty Orange (2004)

II. A Commemoration: Hannah Arendt

Hannah Arendt (October 14, 1906-December 4, 1975) was an eminent political theorist of German origin. In 1940, Arendt was taken to the infamous internment camp at Gurs, near the Pyrenees; at the last minute she was able to avoid deportation to an extermination camp and made her way to New York in 1942.

As a student in Germany, Arendt studied with Martin Heidegger, Karl Jaspers, Husserl and Walter Benjamin. Subsequent to her escape to New York, she became part of the large group of immigrant academics known as “The Exiles in Paradise.” They found that, upon escaping to America, academic insitutions were generally anti-semetic and refused to give them teaching appointments. In response, Jewish relief agencies established special institutes in New York City, at which they could conduct research and teach. One of the special institutes was the “University in Exile” (later to become The New School for Social Research), where Arendt served on the graduate faculty for many years.

In 1963, there was intense critical debate among the New York Jewish intellectual community following Arendt’s publication of Eichmann in Jerusalem: The Banality of Evil. Arendt was subjected to great censure for her position that evil is never “radical” but only extreme, that evil does not possess depth or demonic dimension. She described it as “thought-defying,” because people try to reach depth but there is nothing there and that is banality. She then wrote, “Eichmann may very well remain the concrete model of what I have to say.” She felt that was quite frightening to imagine that Eichmann was not an inherently outrageous mythical monster, but rather a clear example of the kind of person that a totalitarian regime is capable of producing. In other words, she was saying, Eichmann could very well be you or I.

Suffering from and saddened by the intense criticism in New York and feeling “doubly-exiled,” she accepted an offer to teach at the University of Chicago (The Committee on Social Thought, which at that time also included Saul Bellow as a faculty colleague). The University of Chicago was one of the very few major universities that welcomed the academic immigrants with open arms. This was an opportunity that allowed her to resume previous relationships with other immigrants teaching at the University, which included Leo Strauss, Hans J. Morgenthau and Bruno Bettelheim.

In addition to her faculty positions at the “University in Exile” (New York) and the University of Chicago, Arendt later held professorships or guest-professorships at several universities, including Princeton, Harvard and The University of California at Berkley. She received numerous honors, including ten honorary doctorates.

During her later years in New York City, she became more reclusive, but maintained a renowned circle of friends, including W. H. Auden. In 1971, she was personally deeply struck by the death of Auden. She openly wept on the way to Auden’s memorial service at the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine. At the memorial service, she was dressed in black and overcome with melancholy. In her own memorial for Auden, she focused upon Auden’s capacity to let himself feel full vulnerability to the devastations of human failures and to:

Sing of human unsuccess
In a rapture of distress
.”

Arendt went on to say:

Now, with the sad wisdom of remembrance, I see him as having been an expert in the infinite varieties of unrequited love.”

An Arendt quotation on growing old:

I must admit that I mind this defoliation (or deforestation) process. As though to grow old does not mean, as Goethe said, ‘gradual withdrawal from appearance’–which I do not mind–but the gradual (rather, sudden) transformation of a world with familiar faces (no matter, friend or foe) into a kind of desert, populated by strange faces. In other words, it is not me who withdraws but the world that dissolves–an altogether different proposition.”

SELECTED WORKS:

The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951)

The Human Condition (1958)

Eichmann in Jerusalem (1963)

* The drawing by Shy Abady, entitled Dusty Orange (2004), is used with permission granted by the artist.  This work is part of a larger series concerning Arendt’s image.  The series, entitled The Arendt Project, is comprised of 19 works portraying the image of the Jewish-German thinker Hannah Arendt (1906-1975).  The works focus upon her personality, as well as upon the manner in which her visual image and her life mirror the turmoil of the twentieth century.

An exhibition of The Arendt Project was presented first in October 2005 at the Jewish Museum of Frankfurt, later at the Heinrich Böll Foundation Gallery in Bremen and in the Hannah Arendt Zentrum in Oldenburg.  In October 2006, Hannah Arendt’s 100th birthday was commemorated around the world. The Arendt Project was presented at the Jerusalem Artist’s House, supported by The Heinrich Böll Foundation in Israel and The Goethe Institute.

The entire series can be viewed at: www.shyabady.net.

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NewsVine Attacks: Persecution and the Art of Writing

FEELINGS OF RESIGNATION AND ACTS OF EMPOWERMENT

On Facing Viscious Attack:

I was recently the target for a relentless series of viscious attacks by a mob of writers and commenters on the Newsvine website. I suppose that this shouldn’t have been too surprising, since Newsvine is becoming known as the home for many mean-spirited writers. The following article is a metaphoric response to that mob of sadistic attackers, written in the spirit of “persecution and the art of writing.” This is a particular form of writing addressed to only the few. Unfortunately, it is not written directly to the attackers. Nevertheless, they would probably not understand it anyway, since they are seldom capable of understanding anything beyond their own grandiose and narcissistic sense of self-worth:

Our seemingly established right to freedom of expression may be seen as caught between two different trends of disenchanted modernity. The first trend relies upon the demands of an extremely pragmatic form of rationalization, leading to the framing of our thoughts as legitimate only when subordinated to the dictates of scientistic objectivism and the dominant governmental ideology.

At perhaps an even more personal level, it can lead one to become subjugated to an increasingly impaired quality of thought processes (often a rapidly progressing, narrow focus upon issues related to the draconian pursuit of power) characterizing whatever institution to which one has been devoted.

The second trend is to anchor feelings of confidence upon introspective self-inquiry, which offers one the opportunity for a sense of freedom from the dictates of orthodoxy, inequality, and authority.

However, the reaction against the first trend of submission to external domination may tend to produce, in its emphasis upon introspective subjectivity, a vulnerability to reifying counter-ideals of not-knowing and mutuality, which must also be carefully deconstructed. Differences in meanings achieved by others who also choose to rely ever more upon the liberating capacity of subjectivity suggest pluralism will make new knowledge demands upon us. The development of new critical abilities will be needed to help form a way of knowing that is based upon collaborative, democratic processes, where knowledge itself can be used homeopathically as an antidote to the old ideal of the knowing authority.

In the history of psychoanalysis, there is hardly a more striking anecdote than a comment made by Freud in a letter to Oskar Pfister in 1910:

“Discretion is incompatible with a good presentation of psychoanalysis. One must become a bad character, disregard the rules, sacrifice oneself, betray, behave like an artist who buys paints with the household money belonging to his wife or bums the furniture to heat the studio for his model. Without such a bit of criminality there is no real achievement.”

This statement, notably to a non-analyst, reminds us how, despite its present appearance of orthodoxy and reverence for the founder, psychoanalysis began as a marginal, radical enterprise. From its inception, psychoanalysis took up a quietly critical stance toward authority, bourgeois conventional norms and what were then the certainties of conscious knowledge.

In contemporary life, the renewed sense of enrichment provided by a turn to self-inquiry, as opposed to living as a servant to external powers, is accompanied by sometimes distressing feelings of disenchantment, an awareness that the modern condition no longer allows us to call upon religious, mysterious, and awe-inspiring forms of truth, upon authority founded in such revealed truth. One of the consequences of this disenchantment is that the ultimate and most sublime values have retired from public life, at best into the brotherliness of immediate personal relationships.

At the same time we are required either to suffer a great deal more uncertainty or, more constructively, learn how to embrace it. Those who find this condition too difficult to bear will retreat vociferously, in a manner that obscures the uncertainty of life, into the arms of churches which promise them a renewed sense of entitlement and power over others, often over the unfortunate and disadvantaged.

My concluding remarks are perhaps the most difficult to formulate clearly. In contemporary psychotherapeutic and “self-help” thinking, feelings of resignation are unanimously associated with feelings of depression, inadequacy and a sense of low self-worth. There are, however, important incidents in the history of psychoanalysis that point out an entirely different dimension of “feelings of resignation.”

One striking example involved the psychoanalyst Edith Jacobsen in the 1930s, who at that time was a member of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. Jacobson was arrested by the Gestapo for participating in a resistance group in 1934 and was sentenced and held for more than two years in a Gestapo prison; she was finally released due to illness and managed to escape.

It subsequently been revealed that Anna Freud responded to the Nazi persecution of Jacobson solely in terms of her deep worry that Jacobsen had jeopardized the psychoanalytic movement in Berlin, which had hoped to preserve the Institute and continue treating patients without interference, by complying with the authorities, accepting (demanding) the resignation of its Jewish members, and generally being on best behavior.

For Anna Freud, then, “resignation” was in fact both an oppressive demand and a despicable compliance with the Nazi domination and persecution of the Jews. Jacobson committed herself to an entirely different, firm “sense of resignation” to refuse the vulgar type of “resignation” demanded by Anna Freud, displaying a noble, moral and life-enriching form of resignation.

In the United States, the history of psychoanalysis presents other practical instances where the sense and enactment of feelings of resignation were pioneering and moral acts of justice. One of the more significant of these events took place in the 1930s, with the simultaneous resignations of Karen Horney and Clara Thompson from the New York Psychoanalytic Institute in protest against the degrading understanding of women that it expounded, viewing women as innately inferior and damaged humans.

The subsequent body of writings about women created by Karen Horney can quite justifiably be understood as a major cornerstone for the feminist movement that emerged. Clara Thompson went on to become a founder of the William Allison White Institute in New York City, which from its very beginnings has served as a fountainhead for contemporary relational thinking.

“Feelings of resignation,” then, need not necessarily be understood to reflect underlying depression, lack of self-confidence, feelings of incompetence and inadequacy. Instead, feelings and acts of “resignation” may serve as a firm commitment to the affirmation of justice, the defiance of authoritarian domination, the refusal to be ruled by primitive forms of reason and the pursuit of humanitarian achievements. In this manner, “the sense of resignation” stands proudly as a beacon of hope for all mankind.

New Jersey Court Rules That Marriage Statutes Protect Same-Sex Couples

Supporters Hear Ruling That Backs Marriage Statutes Rights for Same-Sex Couples

The New Jersey Appellate Court ruled today that:

“Denying committed same-sex couples the financial and social benefits and privileges given to their married heterosexual counterparts bears no substantial relationship to a legitimate governmental purpose.  The Court holds that under the equal protection guarantee of Article I, Paragraph 1 of the New Jersey Constitution, committed same-sex couples must be afforded on equal terms the same rights and benefits enjoyed by opposite-sex couples under the civil marriage statutes.  The name to be given to the statutory scheme that provides full rights and benefits to same-sex couples, whether marriage or some other term, is a matter left to the democratic process.”

Andrew Sullivan commented:

“In other words: call it a civil union or a civil partnership if you will.  And the legislature needs to come up with some kind of compromise wording.  But the state constitution unequivocally requires equal treatment under the law.  So this is not a state imposition of civil marriage.  It is a state imposition of civil unions.  I think this is a perfectly sane compromise.  It’s what the Brits have done.  Leave the m-word to the churches; but let the state grant equal protection under the law.  The Christianists can no longer claim that we are redefining civil marriage in New Jersey.  We’re just being fair to gay couples who, as citizens, have every right to be treated equally under the law.

My own position, of course, is that full civil marriage rights, with the m-word, is the only just solution.  But in a democracy, there is not a majority for that yet.  The court, by the way, is not being activist.  It had no logical option but to apply its equal protection clause to everybody.  Gay people are citizens, entitled to the same civil treatment by the government as anyone else.  But the court has now left it to the legislature to decide on the name.

Checks and balances; state’s rights; and fostering of both equality and responsibility.  DOMA means it won’t apply to any other state.  Massachusetts has already shown that civil marriage can be kept within one’s state’s borders.  The conservative soul just revived a little.  May it grow stronger.”

On the other hand, John Cloud, writing for Time Magazine, was struck by the possible implications of the Court’s hestitation to deal with the question of what to call gay marriages.  He reminds us of the implications of the real meaning of “separate but equal” in America’s history, and how it might well apply in the case of this Court’s ruling:

“While the New Jersey court pats itself on the back for advancing the civil rights of gays and lesbians, let’s pause for a moment to note what gays and lesbians have not won: actual equality.  The Supreme Court of New Jersey has ruled in favor of gay marriage, sort of.  By a vote of 4 to 3, the court says the state must afford gay couples all the “rights and benefits” that straight couples have under the law.  But the majority punted on the question of what to call gay marriages.  If it doesn’t want to call them marriages, the legislature is free to come up with a term of its choosing for committed gay relationships.  In other words, the court is fine with a nomenclature under which some marriages would be separate—but equal.In a sentence that will seem silly—and unjust—in 20 years, the court says this explicitly: “We will not presume that a separate statutory scheme, which uses a title other than marriage, contravenes equal protection principles, so long as the rights and benefits of civil marriage are made equally available to same-sex couples.”  The Plessy court couldn’t have said it better: separate railway cars for blacks are fine, as long as they are just as nice as the ones for whites.  Don’t bother about that curtain between the black and white cars. “Marriages,” “civil unions,” “two guys shacking up with a lot of All-Clad cookware”—does the term really matter?”

Yes, it certainly does.

However, in a later statement, Sullivan doesn’t seem to appreciate the deeper concerns raised by John Cloud:

“I think the president is fine with the New Jersey Supreme Court decision.  Well, at least if he still believes this:

“I don’t think we should deny people rights to a civil union, a legal arrangement, if that’s what a state chooses to do so.  I view the definition of marriage different from legal arrangements that enable people to have rights.  And I strongly believe that marriage ought to be defined as between a union between a man and a woman.  Now, having said that, states ought to be able to have the right to pass laws that enable people to be able to have rights like others.”

So it’s up to New Jersey’s legislature.  And Bush would vote for civil unions.  I can live with that.  I’d prefer marriage equality, but within a another generation, I really don’t think it will even be a contentious issue.”

Well, it seems that Sullivan was very naive to think that “the president [would be] fine with the New Jersey Supreme Court decision.”  At his very first opportunity, Bush lost no time in turning the ruling into a political weapon, fueling the flames of homophobia in order to bolster support for Republican candidates in the upcoming elections.

President Bush Immediately Seized upon New Jersey Court Ruling as a Political Weapon…

President George W. Bush immediately seized upon the New Jersey court ruling that may pave the way for same-sex marriage as a political weapon to support Republicans in the November 7th elections.  Campaigning for a struggling Republican congressional candidate on Thursday, Bush strongly argued against the court’s ruling: “We believe in family values, we believe values are important, and we believe marriage is a fundamental institution of civilization.”

Yesterday, in New Jersey, we had another activist court issue a ruling that raises doubts about the institution of marriage,” he said at the first of two fundraisers that he was scheduled to attend.  “I believe that marriage is a union between a man and a woman, and I believe it’s a sacred institution that is critical to the health of our society and the well-being of families, and it must be defended,” he proclaimed.

 

 

N. J. COURT RULING: VIDEO COMMENTARY

 

 

Very Frankly Speaking

Noted in Time Magazine’s The Daily Dish:

When Barney’s on a roll, he’s on a roll

In the recent television interview provided below, United States Congressman Barney Frank passionately decries the despicable hypocrisy of “closeted” gay Republicans who use their political power to hurt GLBT Americans, while they secretly engage in homosexuality behind closed doors.

Congressman Barney Frank

FRANKLY SPEAKING

 

Pablo Picasso: Happy Birthday

PABLO PICASSO

DOVE OF PEACE

Pablo Picasso, one of the most influential artists from the 20th century, was born on this day in 1881.

PHOTOGRAPHIC ESSAY: PABLO PICASSO

Being Obama: About the House

PHOTOGRAPHIC ESSAY: BEING OBAMA

Free Wonderful Computer Applications: On-Line and to Download

 

WONDERFUL FREE COMPUTER APPLICATIONS

With so many free on-line applications being developed, it’s quite useful to review some of the highlights of a number of Office Suites currently available on the Web. Who, among the big or small companies, is currently providing the best examples? Here I describe some of the contenders for outstanding free, on-line collaborative Office tools. In addition, both free on-line and downloadable word-processors, spreadsheet and presentation programs are described. Further, a number of free and very useful audio, media, on-line storage, polling and ping service programs have been collected and are listed for your use. Direct links to all of the programs reviewed are provided.

OFFICE SUITES, WORD PROCESSORS, SPREADSHEETS AND PRESENTATION TOOLS

THINKFREE

This office suite is one of my favorites!! ThinkFree is said by many to be the leader in next-generation of productivity solutions for platform independent, anytime, anywhere-computing. ThinkFree usability extends beyond PCs and is perfect for Internet-connected devices, including thin client and mobile computing platforms.

The award-winning ThinkFree Office is a Microsoft Office compatible application suite comprised of word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation graphics software-all usable online at absolutely no cost to you.

ThinkFree Office is automatically installed and upgraded over the Web and features integrated, Internet-based file sharing and storage as well as end-to-end security. Built for cross-platform functionality, ThinkFree Office is compatible with Windows, Macintosh, Unix and Linux systems.

It comes with a gigabyte of free online space and offers word processing, spreadsheets and presentations. ThinkFree takes a bit longer to load, but it has a large number of editing tools. Both the icons and toolbar emulate MS Office. An additional feature, which I especially like, allows you to publish your document (with pictures and links) as a post to your own blog.

WRITELY

The “Web Word Processor.” Edit your documents from anywhere! There’s nothing to download, your browser is all that you need. Store your documents securely online. Offsite storage plus data backup every 10 seconds. Writely is easy to use and provides clean, uncluttered screens with a familiar and comfortable desktop feel.

OPEN OFFICE

Open Office is one of the most highly touted free office applications. OpenOffice.org is a multiplatform and multilingual office suite and an open-source project. It is compatible with all other major office suites, the product is free to download, use and distribute to others.

NeoOffice

NeoOffice is the Open Office version for MAC OSX. As with Open Office, it is a multiplatform and multilingual office suite and an open-source project. It is compatible with all other major office suites, the product is free to download, use and distribute to others.

AbiWord

A free word processor similar to Microsoft Word. AbiWord is unique among word processors in its drive to become a fully cross-platform word processor. The source code is carefully written so that AbiWord will run on virtually any operating system with a minimum of time spent on porting. This combined with support for internationalization (the ability to run AbiWord in many languages) gives AbiWord a massive potential user-base.

gOFFICE

gOFFICE is a free online web office suite that offers desktop publishing and word processing, and spreadsheet applications.

ZOHO WRITER

This is another of my favorite free on-line word processors!! You can access, edit and share documents from anywhere. Documents can be created, edited and re-formatted using their WYSIWYG editor; this word processor also provides for collaborative editing of documents, multiple users can work on a document simultaneously
Load your existing documents

With Zoho Writer, you can import Microsoft Word (DOC), Open Office text (ODT & SXW), HTML, RTF, JPG, GIF & PNG files, and generate PDF/DOC/ODT. You can also export documents created in Zoho Writer as PDF, DOC, ODT, SXW, RTF, HTML & text files

Again, one of my favorite features is that with Zoho Writer, you can directly post documents (with images, pictures and links) directly to your blogs (including WordPress, Blogger, TypePad and Live Journal).

ZOHO SHOW

Zoho Show allows you to access, import, and edit presentations from anywhere. You can Load your existing presentations, the application can import Microsoft PowerPoint(.ppt, .pps) or OpenOffice Presentation(.sxi).

You can build and edit presentations on-the-fly using WYSIWYG editor. You can use Zoho Show for remote presentations. Zoho Show helps giving remote presentations with complete control for the presenter. The presenter can see the participants in the presentation. It has Flickr integration allowing you to pull publicly shared images from your Flickr account into your presentation.

Zoho Show is ideal for sales persons, business owners, teachers, students, freelancers … and for just anybody else who wants to create presentations online.

ZOHO SHEET

Zoho Sheet is an on-line spreadsheet, which allows for: number formatting, sorting and the insertion of comments. With Zoho Sheet, you can import and export Excel files and share sheets with multiple people to view or edit the same spreadsheet.

It supports more than 300 functions. You can create bar/line/pie 2D/3D charts and publish the charts in your websites/blogs.

ajaxWrite

ajaxWrite is a web-based word processor that can read and write Microsoft Word and other standard document formats. Anytime you need to open, read or write a word processor file, simply point your Firefox browser to http://www.ajaxwrite.com and in seconds a full-featured program will be available for you to open, edit, print and save.

ajaxWrite has been designed to look like Microsoft Word, making it easy for anyone to start using it without needing to learn a new program. ajaxWrite also handles all the popular document formats, so it is easy to share your files and collaborate with your co-workers and friends. Once finished with your document, you can easily save your work right to your hard drive. This keeps you organized and works in the same way that you are already accustomed to.

ajaxWrite works from a Firefox web browser on any operating system and on any device, no matter where you are or what computer you are using. In addition, because the application itself lives on the web, updates are handled automatically so that you don’t have to deal with costly upgrades or being stuck with old versions.

ajaxXLS

ajaxXLS Viewer is a web-based spreadsheet viewer that allows you to easily open any .xls file within your Firefox browser. Compatibility with Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice allows ajaxXLS to preserve all your common cell formatting categories such as text styles, decimals, currencies, dates, and times as well as formulas, backgrounds and borders from the original documents.

The ajaxXLS web-based editor is still in the early stages of development. With it, you can write, edit and save standard spreadsheet files to your local machine.

iROWS

iRows provides easy data management. You can edit, compute, chart, sort, dynamic web data and more. Display your spreadsheet on any web site, change it here, and all sites change automatically.

PDF ONLINE

As a web based service, PDF Online allows you to quickly generate PDF documents from your PC, Mac, or Linux, from your home, your office or anywhere in the world.

THUMBSTACKS

With Thumbstacks.com, you can make presentations, like slideshows, or outlines, right in your web browser. When you are done, you can share your presentations with anyone, anywhere, just by sending them a link.

EMPRESSR

Empressr is the first Ajax/Flash-based web application that lets you create, share and store presentations online. It goes beyond current presentation applications by enabling you to incorporate rich media features, like streaming video and animation, to create and share the most dynamic presentations possible. With Empressr, all you need is a web browser to easily: create rich media presentations, share them with a client or team members, and store/access them at any time from any computer.

WINDOWS LIVE WRITER

Windows Live Writer is a desktop application that makes it easier to compose compelling blog posts using Windows Live Spaces or your current blog service. Blogging has turned the web into a two-way communications medium. The stated goal in creating Writer is to help make blogging more powerful, intuitive, and fun for everyone.Writer has many features which can make for a better blogging experience.

SCRIBUS

Scribus is an open-source program that brings award-winning professional page layout to Linux/Unix, MacOS X and Windows desktops with a combination of “press-ready” output and new approaches to page layout. Underneath the modern and user friendly interface, Scribus supports professional publishing features, such as CMYK color, separations, ICC color management and versatile PDF creation.

WEB BROWSERS

SEAMONKEY

SeaMonkey is another Mozilla project, which combines the search capabilities of Firefox with the email functions of Thunderbird. A wonderful browser!!

FLOCK

Flock is based on open source Mozilla code. It’s an amazing new web browser that makes it easier to share media and connect to other people online. Share photos, automatically stay up-to-date with new content from your favorite sites, and search the Web with the most advanced Search Toolbar available today.

OPERA

It’s a fast, fun and easy way to browse the Web. The increasingly popular Opera 9 comes loaded with the tools to help keep you both productive and safe.

MINEFIELD

Minefield 3.0a1 is actually an early-release test version of the future Firefox 3.0. Although some peope are wary of using early-release test versions of software, I’ve never had a single problem with Minefield. In fact, I like it much better than Firefox 2!! Minefield can be downloaded for MAC, Windows and Linux.

POLLING RESOURCES

ZOHO POLLS

Want to decide on something? Use Zoho Polls to narrow down your choices and get opinion from others. As with all the applications listed here, it is 100% free!!

POLLHOST

Another free program to create polls for your own website or blog.

VIZU

Make your own polls, see what the world thinks and post the results on your website or blog.

AUDIO

EYESPOT

Bloggers are remixing videos by several emerging bands, and then posting the mash-ups online at Eyespot to share with the world. What makes this site different from others is that here the art form is legal.

ajaxTUNES

ajaxTunes is a web-based music player that lets you play high-quality streaming music straight from the Internet on any computer. It gives you all the basic controls (pause, fast-forward, rewind, selecting play list or artists) in a mini layout that won’t clog up your desktop.Try ajaxTunes immediately, it has been preloaded with a demo account containing songs from more than 25 artists. You can also create your own locker, add your own music collection and choose from over 40,000 songs to add to your personal play lists.

ODEO

Over 2,000,000 mp3’s available for your listening pleasure, or use them on your website or blog posts.

IMAGING

ZOOOMR

A step ahead of Flickr!! With Zooomr, photos are no longer just photos, they are emotions, ideas, and stories meant to be shared and explored. Zooomr helps you share them with the world. Here’s how: you can show your favorite photos to the entire world in anyone’s language, actually put your photos on the map, add sound to your photos.

VIRTUAL EARTH INTERACTIVE SKD

Virtual Earth is an on-line application that is similar to Google Earth, but MUCH, MUCH BETTER!!! Try it, and you’ll see just what I mean !!

BUBBLESHARE

This is my very favorite slideshow creator. Download the program free to create beautiful slideshows on their website, which can then be posted to your own website or blog. Provides a wide variety of slideshow types and sizes, with easy photo headings and audio to accompany your slideshow (if you prefer). Try this one–you’ll love it!

SLIDE

Download Slide free to create a wide variety of image and photographic slideshows, which can then be uploaded to your website or blog.

FREE ON-LINE STORAGE

BOX.NET

Free 1 GB of online storage space to upload your files.

EGGDISK

6GB of free online file storage with a 150MB file size upload limit!! Absolutely no file type restrictions. EGGDISK has photogallery, music and video features.

FREE PING SERVICES

Autopinger

Pingoat

Ping-o-Matic

Ping The Empire

BlogFlux

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