All Children Have Human Rights
The United Nations’ 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child was the first legally binding international law to incorporate the full range of human rights: civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Built on a variety of legal systems and cultural traditions, the Convention is a universally agreed upon set of non-negotiable standards and obligations. These basic standards set minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be respected by governments. They are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each individual, regardless of race, color, gender, language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, birth status or ability and therefore apply to every human being everywhere.
With these rights comes the obligation on both governments and individuals not to infringe on the parallel rights of others. These standards are both interdependent and indivisible; some rights cannot be ensured without, or at the expense of, other rights. Its implementation is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of the Child. National governments that ratify it commit themselves to protecting and ensuring children’s rights, and agree to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community.
The Committee on the Rights of the Child, along with international criminal accountability mechanisms such as the International Criminal Court, the Yugoslavia and Rwanda Tribunals, and the Special Court for Sierra Leone, is said to have significantly increased the profile of children’s rights worldwide.
The United States is one of only two countries in the world which have refused to ratify The United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child.
All Kids Have Rights
All Children Have Rights
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